Surgery for Mesothelioma - Study Results

Apr 29, 2013 — by Jeff Mundy
Tags: Asbestos

 

http://annonc.oxfordjournals.org/content/18/7/1196.short

 

Multicenter trial of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy followed by extrapleural pneumonectomy in malignant pleural mesothelioma

  1. A Spiliopoulos13
  2. On behalf of the Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research

+Author Affiliations

  1. 1Department of Thoracic Surgery
  2. 2Clinic and Poliklinik for Oncology, University Hospital, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich
  3. 3Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research (SAKK), Bern
  4. 4Institute for Radio-Oncology, Kantonsspital Aarau, Aarau
  5. 5Institute of Pathology
  6. 6Department of Thoracic Surgery, University Hospital, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich
  7. 7Department of Medicine, Hospital of Fribourg, Fribourg
  8. 8Clinic and Policlinic for Thoracic Surgery, Inselspital Bern, Bern
  9. 9Centre Pluridisciplinaire d'Oncologie
  10. 10Service de chirurgie thoracique, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne
  11. 11Zentrum für Onkologie, Kantonsspital Aarau, Aarau
  12. 12Département de Chirurgie Oncochirurgie
  13. 13Unité Chirurgie Thorac, University Hospital Geneva, Genève, Switzerland
  1. * Correspondence to: Dr R. A. Stahel, Clinic and Policlinic of Oncology, University Hospital, CH-8091 Zurich, Switzerland. Tel: +41-44-634-2871; Fax: +41-44-634-2872; E-mail:rolf.stahel@usz.ch
  • Received September 25, 2006.
  • Revision received February 11, 2007.
  • Accepted February 14, 2007.

Abstract

Background: The aim of this multicenter trial was to prospectively evaluate neo-adjuvant chemotherapy followed by extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) and radiotherapy, including quality of life as outcome.

Patients and methods: Eligible patients had malignant pleural mesothelioma of all histological types, World Health Organization performance status of zero to two and clinical stage T1–T3, N0–2, M0 disease considered completely resectable. Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy consisted of three cycles of cisplatin and gemcitabine followed by EPP. Postoperative radiotherapy was considered for all patients.

Results: In all, 58 of 61 patients completed three cycles of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy. Forty-five patients (74%) underwent EPP and in 37 patients (61%) the resection was complete. Postoperative radiotherapy was initiated in 36 patients. The median survival of all patients was 19.8 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 14.6–24.5]. For the 45 patients undergoing EPP, the median survival was 23 months (95% CI 16.6–32.9). Psychological distress showed minor variations over time with distress above the cut-off score indicating no morbidity with 82% (N = 36) at baseline and 76% (N = 26) at 3 months after surgery (P = 0.5).

Conclusions: The observed rate of operability is promising. A median survival of 23 months for patients undergoing EPP compares favourably with the survival reported from single center studies of upfront surgery. This approach was not associated with an increase in psychological distress.

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