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IIHS safety awards
To determine crashworthiness — how well a vehicle protects its occupants in a crash — IIHS rates vehicles good, acceptable, marginal or poor based on performance in five tests: moderate overlap front, small overlap front, side, rollover and rear.
To earn TOP SAFETY PICK+ vehicles must receive good ratings in at least 4 of 5 tests and no less than acceptable in the fifth test.
To earn TOP SAFETY PICK vehicles must receive good ratings in the moderate overlap front, side, rollover and rear tests, regardless of their ratings in the small overlap front test.
See full lists of current and past winners
See winners by type/size
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About the five tests
Small overlap front test
Assesses occupant protection and vehicles' structural designs
when most of the front crumple zone is bypassed
Assesses vehicle roof strength for protection in rollover crashes
Rollover ratings by vehicle type/size:
Focuses on how well seat/head restraint combinations protect against whiplash injuries
Rear crash protection ratings by manufacturer:
Other vehicle information
Crash avoidance features
Crash avoidance features are rapidly making their way into the vehicle fleet. Six of the most common new technologies are forward collision warning, auto brake, lane departure warning, lane departure prevention, adaptive headlights and blind spot detection. Another crash avoidance feature, electronic stability control (ESC), significantly reduces crash risk by helping drivers maintain control of their vehicles during emergency maneuvers. ESC is a federal requirement for all vehicles starting with the 2012 model year.
Vehicles equipped with the 6 common crash avoidance features
Vehicles equipped with ESC
Four tests (front and rear full-width impacts at 6 mph and front and rear corner impacts at 3 mph) assess the kinds and amounts of damage that commonly occur in low-speed collisions.
Bumper test results by vehicle type/size: