Vehicle Ratings - Crash Tests

Car Wreck Lawyer Austin Texas


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IIHS safety awards

To determine crashworthiness — how well a vehicle protects its occupants in a crash — IIHS rates vehicles good, acceptable, marginal or poor based on performance in five tests: moderate overlap front, small overlap front, side, rollover and rear.

To earn TOP SAFETY PICK+ vehicles must receive good ratings in at least 4 of 5 tests and no less than acceptable in the fifth test.

To earn TOP SAFETY PICK vehicles must receive good ratings in the moderate overlap front, side, rollover and rear tests, regardless of their ratings in the small overlap front test.

See full lists of current and past winners

2013 award winners

See winners by type/size 
by choosing from the
categories at left


About the five tests

Moderate overlap front test

Assesses occupant protection and vehicles' structural designs
when part of the front crumple zone is engaged

Test description  |  crash test verification program

Small overlap front test

Assesses occupant protection and vehicles' structural designs
when most of the front crumple zone is bypassed

Test description

Side test

Assesses occupant protection when vehicles are struck in the side by SUVs or pickups

Test description  |  crash test verification program

Vehicles equipped with side airbag protection systems

Rollover test

Assesses vehicle roof strength for protection in rollover crashes

Test description

Rollover ratings by vehicle type/size:   

Rear test

Focuses on how well seat/head restraint combinations protect against whiplash injuries

Test description

Rear crash protection ratings by manufacturer:  

Other vehicle information

Crash avoidance features

Crash avoidance features are rapidly making their way into the vehicle fleet. Six of the most common new technologies are forward collision warningauto brakelane departure warninglane departure preventionadaptive headlights and blind spot detection. Another crash avoidance feature, electronic stability control (ESC), significantly reduces crash risk by helping drivers maintain control of their vehicles during emergency maneuvers. ESC is a federal requirement for all vehicles starting with the 2012 model year.

Vehicles equipped with the 6 common crash avoidance features

Vehicles equipped with ESC

Bumper evaluations

Four tests (front and rear full-width impacts at 6 mph and front and rear corner impacts at 3 mph) assess the kinds and amounts of damage that commonly occur in low-speed collisions.

Bumper test results by vehicle type/size:  

Insurance losses by make and model

Losses for hundreds of passenger vehicles grouped by body style and size under six insurance coverages: collision, property damage liability, comprehensive personal injury protection, medical payment and bodily injury — from the Highway Loss Data Institute (HLDI)

Technical protocols — current and archived documentation of protocols used in our testing programs


About our Vehicle Research Center testing facility

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